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Explanation

By [REDACTED], April 21, 2016

We began with the basic equations for this scenario that we were given during the simulations, first being the speed of the wave:

where $v$ is the velocity of the wave in meters per second, $F_T$ is the tension on the string in Newtons, and $\mu$ is the linear density of the string in kilograms per meter; then the wavelength:

where $\lambda_n$ is the wavelength for the nth harmonic, $L$ is the length of the string, and $n$ is the number of the harmonic; and finally the frequency:

where $f_n$ is the frequency of the nth harmonic. Since we were adjusting the frequency and finding a value for n, our independent variable was $f_n$ and our dependent was $n$. To get a function of our independent for our dependent we began by substituing the equation for $v$ into that for $f_n$:

Since we were creating tension with a pulley, we defined $F_T$ as

where $m$ is the mass of the weight at the end of the pulley. With this substitution we were able to derive an equation for a fit line:

The $\frac{4L^2}{mg}$ term consisted entirely of constants, $L$ being measured at 1.46m, $m$ being 0.15kg, and $g$ being the acceleration due to gravity 9.81m/s2, which simplifies the equation to