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All That Is Left Issue 001

ATIL Issue 001 Glossary

By Una Ada, January 09, 2018

This post was published in All That Is Left Issue 001 as “Glossary.”

Anarchism - Society whose structures are built around non-hierarchical (or horizontal) and voluntary organization rather than government rule and enforcement.

Bourgeoisie - Capitalist class which owns the means of production.

Capitalism - Economic system in which the means of production are privately rather than publicly (or collectively) owned.

Class - Grouping of people based on their social and/or economic standing.

Commodity - Material or product to be sold. Commodity production refers to the usage of the means of production to create commodities.

Commune - Collective with shared resources, possessions, and work, generally without a central controlling body or government.

Communism - Society in which all resources are collectively owned and accessed by individuals based on necessity rather than economic accessibility.

Confederation - Voluntary union of several states/governments.

Corporatism - Society organized by corporations or other large groups based.

Cultural Revolution - Shift in culture to match with a shift in infrastructure.

Ecology - Study of interactions of organisms or people.

Exploitation - Mistreatment of workers for the purpose of extracting value from their labor.

Federation - Union of several states/governments which are each obligated to remain within the union by treaty/law.

Feminism - Promotion of equal treatment for people of all genders and opposition to any system that leads to inequality between genders.

Feudalism - (In Tsarist Russia) Society in which workers live and work on land owned by a landowner to whom they must pay significant portions of their income.

Hierarchy - Structure in which there are multiple levels of power such that a higher level would have control/influence over lower levels.

Ideology - Set of ideas and beliefs about economic, political, and social theory.

Market - System in which products are bought and sold.

Means of Production - Tools and resources required for the creation of value, such as factory machinery and minerals.

Peasantry - Laborer class under feudalism, live, work, and pay rent on land owned by a landowner.

Political Economy - Study of relationship between politics (government and law) and economy (production and trade).

Proletariat - Laborer class under capitalism.

Property - Something that belongs to or is a part of a person, group, or thing, physical or conceptual. Private Property is property that is exclusively controlled by a non-government group or person, where the government enforces this group’s control.

Reformism - Movement towards socialism by enacting small changes in current political institutions over time.

Revolution - Movement towards socialism by abrupt seizure of political power, not necessarily through violent insurrection.

Sectarianism - Discrimination by an individual or group of individuals within a certain subdivision (or sect) based on association with another subdivision of the same overarching group.

Socialism - Society in which the means of production are publicly or cooperatively controlled, often by way of democracy and government ownership.

Trade Union - Organization of laborers of a specific trade working towards goals of increased pay, benefits, and/or working conditions.

Vanguard - (In Leninism) Groups within in a society that are most class-conscious and politically aware that build organizations around which the working class builds movements.

Wage Labor - System in which workers trade their labor with the owners of the means of production in exchange for wages determined by a market.