Anarchism - Society whose structures are built around non-hierarchical (or horizontal) and voluntary organization rather than government rule and enforcement.
Bourgeoisie - Capitalist class which owns the means of production.
Capitalism - Economic system in which the means of production are privately rather than publicly (or collectively) owned.
Class - Grouping of people based on their social and/or economic standing.
Commodity - Material or product to be sold. Commodity production refers to the usage of the means of production to create commodities.
Commune - Collective with shared resources, possessions, and work, generally without a central controlling body or government.
Communism - Society in which all resources are collectively owned and accessed by individuals based on necessity rather than economic accessibility.
Confederation - Voluntary union of several states/governments.
Corporatism - Society organized by corporations or other large groups based.
Cultural Revolution - Shift in culture to match with a shift in infrastructure.
Ecology - Study of interactions of organisms or people.
Exploitation - Mistreatment of workers for the purpose of extracting value from their labor.
Federation - Union of several states/governments which are each obligated to remain within the union by treaty/law.
Feminism - Promotion of equal treatment for people of all genders and opposition to any system that leads to inequality between genders.
Feudalism - (In Tsarist Russia) Society in which workers live and work on land owned by a landowner to whom they must pay significant portions of their income.
Hierarchy - Structure in which there are multiple levels of power such that a higher level would have control/influence over lower levels.
Ideology - Set of ideas and beliefs about economic, political, and social theory.
Market - System in which products are bought and sold.
Means of Production - Tools and resources required for the creation of value, such as factory machinery and minerals.
Peasantry - Laborer class under feudalism, live, work, and pay rent on land owned by a landowner.
Political Economy - Study of relationship between politics (government and law) and economy (production and trade).
Proletariat - Laborer class under capitalism.
Property - Something that belongs to or is a part of a person, group, or thing, physical or conceptual. Private Property is property that is exclusively controlled by a non-government group or person, where the government enforces this group’s control.
Reformism - Movement towards socialism by enacting small changes in current political institutions over time.
Revolution - Movement towards socialism by abrupt seizure of political power, not necessarily through violent insurrection.
Sectarianism - Discrimination by an individual or group of individuals within a certain subdivision (or sect) based on association with another subdivision of the same overarching group.
Socialism - Society in which the means of production are publicly or cooperatively controlled, often by way of democracy and government ownership.
Trade Union - Organization of laborers of a specific trade working towards goals of increased pay, benefits, and/or working conditions.
Vanguard - (In Leninism) Groups within in a society that are most class-conscious and politically aware that build organizations around which the working class builds movements.
Wage Labor - System in which workers trade their labor with the owners of the means of production in exchange for wages determined by a market.